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Julie M. Gillis, DDS, PC Blog

What is Disclosing Solution or Caries Detecting Dye?

February 1, 2017

Filed under: Cavities and Dental Decay,Fillings — Tags: — Dr Gillis @ 7:00 am

What is Disclosing Solution or Caries Detecting Dye?

This blog describes the use of disclosing solution which is the same as caries detecting dye and shows photos of caries detecting dye used during tooth preparation.

Cavity between teeth shows up on an x-ray as a dark shadow.

Cavity between teeth shows up on an x-ray as a dark shadow.

The decay is removed and the tooth looks pretty good. Time to test with disclosing solution!

The decay is removed and the tooth looks pretty good. Time to test with disclosing solution!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If your dentist is using disclosing solution or caries detecting dye that means they care about you and they care about your teeth!  Caries detecting dye or solution is like disclosing solution.  Both are composed of a liquid die that will stain bacteria and bacterial byproducts.

Disclosing solution or caries detecting dye is used by dentists and dental hygienists for the following reasons:

  • To show you where bacteria are sticking to your teeth
  • To improve your brushing techniques
  • To evaluate if there is decay on your teeth
  • To be conservative in tooth preparation by removing all the decay and leaving healthy tooth structure

You can see why these things would be good for you!  The photos included here illustrate the treatment of a cavity that occurred in the ‘flossing zone’ between two teeth.  The dentist has removed the obvious decay and shaped the tooth so that a tooth-colored restoration can be placed.  Dark, stained areas of decay have been removed.  The tooth looks ready to restore but it isn’t.  Now is the time to paint on the caries detecting dye! 

Disclosing solution or caries detecting dye is painted over the prepared cavity.

Disclosing solution or caries detecting dye is painted over the prepared cavity.

Disclosing solution or caries detecting dye is painted over the prepared cavity and then rinsed away. Remaining dye shows remaining decay!

Disclosing solution or caries detecting dye is painted over the prepared cavity and then rinsed away. Remaining dye shows remaining decay!

 The dye comes in several colors.  Red is the most common.  The dye is painted onto the cavity preparation and allowed to remain a couple seconds.  The excess dye is rinsed away and any stain that remains indicates the presence of bacteria or bacterial byproducts.  This is carefully removed by your dentist.  Since tooth-colored fillings or restorations bond to your tooth there is no longer a need to cut in undercuts to help hold fillings in.  Your dentist will want to be conservative in tooth preparation by removing all the decay and leaving healthy tooth structure.

The tooth is restored to ideal contours knowing that all decay has been carefully removed.

The tooth is restored to ideal contours knowing that all decay has been carefully removed.

In our office, we may paint on the dye several times.  Each time removing just the areas where decay remains and saving as much tooth as possible.  This is just one of the many ways we would like our teeth to be treated and so that is the way we treat our patient’s teeth!  Please call our office if you have any questions or concerns.  We would love to see you!

Yours for better dental health,

                 Julie Gillis DDS, PC

     Restoring Teeth/Restoring Smiles

Overlay Partial Denture for Bite Opening

January 27, 2017

Filed under: Dentures and Partial Dentures — Tags: — Dr Gillis @ 8:00 am
This overlay partial uses a tooth colored composite material to add height to the posterior teeth.

This overlay partial uses a tooth colored composite material to add height to the posterior teeth.

This overlay partial uses a tooth colored composite material to add height to the teeth.

This overlay partial uses a tooth colored composite material to add height to the teeth.

Overlay Partial Denture for Bite Opening

 

 

 

An overlay partial denture is compared to a flexible partial denture in this blog.  An overlay partial is described and illustrated above.

All partial dentures are designed to fit around the remaining teeth and replace missing teeth.  There are many designs for partial dentures from complex to simple.  Some partial dentures use precision attachments instead of the clasps that are on a ‘standard’ partial denture.

An overlay partial is designed to ‘open the bite’ for a better occlusion or bite.  You can see an example of an overlay partial above.  Without this partial in, the patient has a very deep bite which means that there is a lot of overlap between the upper and lower teeth.  The overlap was so extensive in this case that the patient was severely wearing out (thinning) his natural lower teeth!

The bite is the same with the partial in or out. Flexible lower partial denture uses tooth-colored clasps for better aesthetics.

The bite is the same with the partial in or out. Flexible lower partial denture uses tooth-colored clasps for better aesthetics.

Flexible lower partial denture uses tooth-colored clasps for better aesthetics.

Flexible lower partial denture uses tooth-colored clasps for better aesthetics.

 

 

 

How does an overlay partial denture differ from a standard partial?

 

  1. An overlay partial denture will cover the chewing surfaces of all the teeth on one arch or most of the teeth.
  2. An overlay partial denture will be more expensive due to the additional laboratory time required to create appropriate anatomy for each tooth.
  3. There should always be a reason for the use of an overlay partial denture. Ask your dentist to explain the benefits and contraindications between an overlay and a standard partial.
  4. The material covering the teeth in an overlay partial denture can be made of porcelain, composite, or metal.

A flexible partial denture uses a very strong, special, and flexible plastic to hold in the teeth. This material can be very strong even though it is very thin.  It is less noticeable than a partial that uses metal clasps but it may not last as long.  It is usually more comfortable for patients and easier to get used to!

Having a well-made full set of teeth improves your life and preserves the remaining teeth by helping to share the load and supporting the remaining teeth.  The forces of your bite can cause teeth to loosen especially when there are missing teeth or bone loss.  We love to offer our patients options about replacing their teeth.  Our office is in Grand Junction, Colorado but we use laboratories across the United States to make our removable partials for us.  We select dental laboratories based on who delivers the highest quality product and stands behind their treatment so that we can do the same for our patients!

Yours for better dental health,

Julie Gillis DDS

Restoring Teeth/Restoring Smiles

 

 

Gingival Papilloma or Lump on the Gums – Concern?

January 19, 2017

Filed under: Gum Surgery,Uncategorized — Tags: , — Dr Gillis @ 11:32 pm

What is a gingival papilloma?  Should you be concerned if you think you have one?  What treatments are available?

Small lump seen on gums between the central incisor and the lateral incisor is a gingival papilloma.

Small lump seen on gums between the central incisor and the lateral incisor in the photo to the left is a gingival papilloma.

 

A gingival papilloma is simply a lump of tissue on the gums as seen in this photograph.  The gingival papilla is a common location for a gingival papilla. If you see any lumps on your gums that you are concerned about you should ask your dentist for advice!

Gingival papillomas often have the following characteristics:

  • The gingival overgrowth usually occurs over time
  • They are usually painless
  • They may slowly increase in size over time
  • They can recur or return if removed
  • Often the only reason to treat a gingival papilloma is cosmetic – they look funny in a smile
  • They are usually pink, firm, and often lighter in color than the surrounding gum tissue
Gingival papilloma treated with a diode laser similar to this one.

Gingival papilloma treated with a diode laser similar to this one.

If the decision has been made between you and your dentist to remove the gingival papilloma this is usually a simple soft tissue surgical procedure.  If completed with a diode laser there is usually no bleeding and very little discomfort.  Your dentist may be comfortable removing gingival papillomas in her office as Dr. Julie Gillis does, or she may refer you to an oral surgeon or dermatologist.

Note same area in gums after healing for two weeks. Lesion treated with a diode laser.

Note same area in gums after healing for two weeks.  Gingival papilloma removed with a diode laser.

Gingival papillomas can be removed with a scalpel or more comfortably with a laser.  In our office, we do not see these lesions recur or come back but statistically they may.  If this happens, a second surgery – possibly deeper – can be completed.

Our office only recommends removal of gingival papillomas if they are bothersome or unaesthetic to the patient.  Often, we just point them out to you so that you can follow the gingival papilloma and note anything unusual such as redness, pain, rapid growth, or bleeding.

Yours for better dental health,

 

Julie Gillis DDS

Restoring Teeth/Restoring Smiles

 

Are Dentists Contributing to Prescription Opioid Abuse?

January 10, 2017

Filed under: Pain control,Pain Medications — Tags: , — Dr Gillis @ 7:00 am

Are Dentists Contributing to Prescription Opioid Abuse?  The answer is probably!

Are Dentists Contributing to Prescription Opioid Abuse?  Our dental office hopes to do what we can to prevent contributing to narcotic abuse.  The questions we will be asking are:

  1. Do our patients need a narcotic prescription after their dental treatment?
  2. How many tablets is appropriate?

Have you ever had dental surgery?  Have you ever been prescribed opioids for pain?  Were you one of the many who left several tablets unused and not disposed of correctly?  That is Prescription Opioid Abuse.

Prescription Opioids - sometimes needed, sometimes not!

Prescription Opioids – sometimes needed, sometimes not!

The rate of overdose deaths due to prescription narcotics or  Prescription Opioids has more than tripled in the past 20 years!  And, it is a fact that using narcotic pain pills when they are not needed can contribute to addiction.

A recent study noted that 100 million prescription opioids go unused every single year following tooth extractions.  Another study conducted by the University of Pennsylvania Schools of Medicine and Dental Medicine found that more than half of opioids prescribed were left unused by the patients.  There is an opioid epidemic currently.  Evidence shows that people who abuse prescription opioids often use leftover pills that were prescribed for friends or family members.  Your dentist should not be contributing to this epidemic!

Pain following a typical dental procedure such as an uncomplicated extraction is effectively managed with over-the-counter (OTC) medications.   Most dental pain is due to inflammation,and most NSAIDS like ibuprofen have strong anti-inflammatory effects.

What we want! Smiling, comfortable patients!

What we want! Smiling, comfortable patients!

Many articles confirm that  providing opioids like oxycodone or hydrocodone

  • Does not decrease inflammation any more than ibuprofen
  • Does not prevent opioid abuse, and
  • May lead directly to opioid overdoses, exposing you to opioid abuse, leading to possible dependence and opioid overdose death!

Although Hydrocodone/Tylenol combinations are the most wisely prescribed analgesic in the United States, there is no published data indicating that they result in pain relief any better than common NSAIDS like Ibuprofen or Naprosyn.  My recommendation (ooh the self promoting blog!) would be to read our blog on pain management after dentistry (http://blog.juliegillisdds.com/). If you do have leftover prescription narcotics or opioids – dispose of them correctly!

Yours for better dental health,

Julie Gillis DDS, PC

Restoring Smiles/Restoring Health

Managing Pain After Dentistry

January 3, 2017

Filed under: Pain control,Pain Medications — Tags: , , — Dr Gillis @ 7:00 am

It is very important to our office that we effectively manage pain during and after dentistry!  Managing pain after dentistry is typically done with Prescription opioids but may be more effectively managed with other safer medicines.

Pain following a typical dental procedure such as an uncomplicated extraction is effectively managed with over-the-counter (OTC) medications.   Manage inflammation and you will be managing pain after dentistry! Most dental pain is due to inflammation, so this is important to prevent.  Most NSAIDS (Non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs)  like ibuprofen have strong anti-inflammatory effects.

Trauma to front tooth led to the surrounding inflammation, gum recession and pain.

Managing pain after dentistry or dental trauma is important!  Trauma to the front tooth led to the surrounding inflammation, gum recession and pain.

What is inflammation? Inflammed skin or gums may appear red, swollen and painful. The tissue may also feel warm, and may have lost function.  Inflammation is part of the body’s response to harmful stimuli, such as bacteris,  damaged cells from surgery, or trauma.  This is your body’s response at a cellular level that includes your immune cells and your blood vessels.  Evidently, tissue becomes inflammed to help remove the cause of the cell injury, and begin the process of repair.  The downside of this is pain or discomfort.

Managing pain after dentistry leads to happier patients!

Managing pain after dentistry and of course, during dental treatment leads to happy, comfortable, satisfied patients.

Here are a couple other suggestions your dentist may do to help with managing pain after dentistry or dental trauma and be as comfortable as possible following dental treatment:  Note: goal is minimize inflammation, to delay the onset of pain, minimize the pain intensity and prevent acute pain.

  1. Give NSAID before pain occurs or while you are still numb!
  2. It is helpful to take prescription dose of NSAID (400 mg to 600 mg Ibuprofen) prior to your procedure.  Try taking two OTC Ibuprofen about 30 minutes before your appointment.
  3. Your dentist can add additional long-acting anesthetic (0.5% bupivacaine with epinephrine) at the start of a short procedure or near the end of a longer procedure.
  4. Take NSAIDs in the appropriate amount by the clock for 48 – 72 hours after treatment.
  5. Add OTC Tylenol as part of the medications taken after surgery if not taking Ultracet which contains acetaminophen. Tylenol 600/650 mg by the clock either with the Ibuprofen listed above or alternated every 3 hours to maintain blood levels of both medications.
  6.  Use ice if swelling present, 20 minutes on/20 minutes off for 24 hours
  7. Prescribing Tramadol (Ultracet) for 3 days may be very beneficial without the abuse potential of other narcotics. Ultracet combined acetaminophen with tramadol which is an orally effective opioid drug with much less abuse potential than an oxycodone or hydrocodone combination.  (2 tablets of 325-mg acetaminophen plus 37.5 mg tramadol (Ultracet) every 4 – 6 hours)
  8. For mild to moderate pain you may just need ibuprofen 400 mg to 600 mg every 4-6 hours by the clock for the first 48 – 72 hours until pain subsides.

Together we can help decrease opioid abuse!

Yours for better dental health,

Julie Gillis DDS, PC

Restoring Smiles/Restoring Health

 

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1190 Bookcliff Ave. Suite 201, Grand Junction, CO 81501 USA
Julie M Gillis DDS Grand Junction, CO cosmetic, general, & restorative dentist. (970) 242-3635 (970) 242-8479 jgillis@juliegillisdds.com